CASE STUDY: CRAFT BEER
Tennessee Craft Brewer Gains Efficiency, Precision and Quality Control
Submitted by Siemens
When John Henritze was 18, a senior class trip took him to Virginia’s Busch Gardens Williamsburg. While there, he and some buddies toured the brewery, where the idea of a brewing career first struck him. His aspiration stuck with him during college – when he bought a home brew kit and book to start making his own beer – and after graduation. “My first batches weren’t very good, but I kept improving,” he says. “And l kept thinking, ‘I can do this for a living.’
Despite that ambition, Henritze started working as a physician assistant out of college, but eventually his goal was realized. In 2011, he was accepted into the American Brewers Guild’s 2013 Craftsbrewer Apprenticeship program, a coveted, 28-week intensive introduction to brewing science and engineering. At first, he enrolled to improve his home-brewing skills, but then decided he’d rather brew beer than toil in a 9-to-5 job the rest of his life. “Our motto is, ‘Life is short, don’t wait for the things you want to do,’” said Henritze.
Soon after completing the Guild’s program, Henritze opened JRH Brewing in Johnson City, Tenn. It consists of a brew pub and brewery, including a 48-seat tasting room that offers six different beers, among them stouts, IPAs and pale ales, plus many more seasonal ones. Henritze cans his biggest seller, Tree Streets Pale Ale, for a distribution to a growing fan base in the region.
Challenge: Manual brewing lacked efficiency, precision and repeatability.
JRH Brewing’s 5,000 square-feet brew house can produce 10 barrels, or 310 gallons, of beer at a time. The operation consists of four 10-barrel fermenters, one 30-barrel fermenter and a 30-barrel brite tank. The latter is used to clear and condition beer, including carbonation, before packaging in either kegs or cans. Canning of the Tree Streets Pale Ale is outsourced to a mobile canning unit that comes to the brew house when needed. “From the day we brew our beer to the day it’s packaged takes about a month,” Henritze says.
Henritze had bought the brew house equipment for his operation as a turn-key package, and learned that its design, especially most of its manual controls, were not located within easy reach. “When I first bought the brew house there were things I immediately noticed weren’t optimal with the process,” he said. “Most all the hand valves are located far away from the brewing platform, mainly because that’s just where they were put.”
So, while one hand valve for controlling beer flow from the brew pots was on the brewing platform, the temperature gauge was several steps down off the brewing platform about 10 yards away near the heat exchanger. “And the manual valve for the cold liquor tank was another 10 yards further,” Henritze says.
If all his back and forth running between gauges, valves and controls wasn’t enough of a problem, Henritze found precision to be an issue as well.
“I’d be running the pumps between tanks, then running down steps to reading the temperatures, which have to be managed precisely,” he said. The result was inconsistent liquid transfers with temperature variations that would affect the quality of the end brew product.
“If the temperature crept up, I’d have to run back over to the platform, run up the steps, slightly adjust the knob and then run back down to the temperature gauge. It was like an old TV comedy, but I’d rather not have the workout and be able to focus more on making great beer.”
Solution: Siemens SIMATIC S7-1200 control system, programmed with the TIA Portal.
Fortunately, one of Henritze’s best customers was a Siemens automation engineer with whom he happened to mention his brewing issues. Given the engineer’s intimate knowledge of the Siemens industrial automation and control capabilities, it became obvious that JRH Brewing’s operations would make an ideal application for a SIMATIC solution.
Automating the process required the engineer to learn the details and the steps Henritze takes – literally and figuratively – while brewing beer. This included a walk-through of the brewery. At the conclusion of this discovery process, he designed a control system consisting of three primary components:
- The Siemens SIMATIC S7-1200 programmable logic controller (PLC). This model provides JRH Brewing with flexibility and efficiency in performing basic automation tasks associated with managing the various temperatures and valves Henritze was trying to manage manually. Its compact, space-saving design helps minimize its impact on the brewing platform’s limited space.
- Siemens SIMATIC TP700 Comfort Panel human-machine interface (HMI). With a 7 in. diagonal touch-screen, this HMI panel features 16 million high-resolution colors. It provides a visual process diagram and dashboard for Henritze to see and interact with any stage of his brewing operation. It uses Siemens SIMATIC WinCC Basic software to enable a small SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) system to be deployed across the brewery equipment.
- The third primary component is the Siemens SINAMICS G120 variable frequency drive (VFD). This is a general-purpose vector drive that controls the two-horsepower, centrifugal pumps used to transfer wort and other liquids between tanks and pots. A 200V model was deployed.
The components communicate with each other using PROFINET industrial Ethernet. The system was programmed in just two days using the Siemens SIMATIC TIA Portal.
Results: Better brewing precision and quality control, plus greater productivity and efficiency.
With its new automation and control system in place, JRH Brewing has increased the productivity and efficiency of its operations manyfold.
“When we first tried it out, I was just amazed,” said Henritze. “I could literally just stand there and push the button to get the pumps going to start the transfer. I don’t have to run up and down steps anymore. It’s fantastic.”
Henritze figures that eliminating his physical back-and-forth meter readings and manual valve adjustments has cut his time on the brewhouse platform by more than 50 percent.
“Before, for example, transferring the contents of a 10-barrel tank took about 30 minutes because I’d have to slow things down to do the temperature readings,” he said. “And at times I’d run out of cold water just trying to get the transfer done because the process was so variable. Now, I don’t have that issue at all.
“I’ve been able to reduce the variability in my brewing processes by about 80 percent. That has helped me ensure the repeatability of my brewing processes, which in turn, assures that I can deliver the highest quality possible in my end products.”
The new automation control system has also helped Henritze expand JRH Brewing’s product line with more seasonal brews in addition to his six mainstay beers that are always available.